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What is the Java Development Kit required for Xamarin.Android development

As an Android developer, you know how important it is to have the right tools and frameworks in your arsenal. One of the most popular tools for building Android apps is Xamarin.Android, a cross-platform development platform that allows you to build apps for both Android and iOS from a single codebase. However, before you start developing with Xamarin.Android, you need to have a Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your computer. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what the JDK is, why you need it for Xamarin.Android development, and how to install it on your computer.

What is the JDK?

The Java Development Kit (JDK) is a software development environment (SDK) that contains all the tools and libraries you need to develop Java applications. It includes the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), which provides the runtime environment for running Java programs, as well as a set of development tools, including a compiler, debugger, and profiler.

Why do I need the JDK for Xamarin.Android development?

Xamarin.Android uses the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to run your Android code, which means that you need to have the JDK installed on your computer in order to develop with Xamarin.Android. The JDK provides the runtime environment for the JVM, which allows your Android code to be executed on any device or emulator that has the JRE installed.

In addition, many of the APIs and libraries that you’ll use when building Android apps with Xamarin.Android are written in Java, so you’ll need to have a good understanding of the Java programming language and its syntax in order to make the most of these tools.

How to install the JDK on your computer

Installing the JDK on your computer is a straightforward process that can be done in just a few clicks. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Go to the official Oracle website ( and download the latest version of the JDK for your operating system.
  2. Once the download is complete, locate the installation file on your computer and run it. Follow the prompts to install the JDK.

    How to install the JDK on your computer

  3. After the installation is complete, open a command prompt or terminal window and type "java -version" to verify that the JDK is installed correctly and that you can run Java programs from the command line.


Q: Do I need to install the JDK separately for each Android device or emulator?

A: No, once you have the JDK installed on your computer, you can use it to develop Android apps for any device or emulator that has the JRE installed.

Q: Can I use an older version of the JDK with Xamarin.Android?

A: Yes, as long as the version of the JDK you’re using is compatible with the version of Xamarin.Android you’re using, you can use any version of the JDK you like. However, we recommend using the latest version to take advantage of the latest features and improvements.

Q: Do I need to install the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) in addition to the JDK?

A: No, the JDK provides all the tools and libraries you need to develop Android apps with Xamarin.Android. The Android SDK is a separate set of tools that you’ll use for creating native Android apps, not cross-platform apps like those built with Xamarin.Android.